Please retain the shipping box and packing materials until the unit has been fully tested. The shipping materials will be needed if you discover damage incurred during shipping.
The shipping box should contain the following items:
If any discrepancies exist, retain the packing slip and contact BASi Customer Service for assistance.
The following two figures show front and back views of the PM-80 pump. The parts identified by number are described below.
|1.||Pressure display||18.||Outlet check-valve assembly|
|2.||Pressure transducer||19.||Inlet tee|
|3.||FLOWRATE control||20.||Solvent-uptake line (Isocratic version)|
|4.||POWER switch||21.||Solvent-uptake frit (Isocratic version)|
|5.||START/STOP switch||22.||Outlet port to injection valve|
|6.||FLOWRANGE switch||23.||Connections to pulse damper|
|7.||LOCAL/REMOTE switch||24.||Optional connections to mixer|
|8.||MINIMUM pressure (low limit)||25.||Solvent intakes (gradient version)|
|9.||Minimum pressure warning LED||26.||Air filter|
|10.||MAXIMUM pressure (high limit)||27.||Offset adjustment for pressure output|
|11.||Maximum pressure warning LED||28.||Voltage selector|
|12.||Prime/purge valve||29.||Power input|
|14.||Pump-head release lever||31.||LCD Controller connector|
|15.||Pump-head indicating LED||32.||Terminal strip|
|16.||Plunger-irrigation port (hidden)||33.||REMOTE connector|
|17.||Inlet check-valve assembly||34.||BAS Instrument Control connectors|
The PM-80 pump is designed to serve as the base for a stack of BASi chromatography instruments. A typical setup is illustrated by the BAS-480e chromatograph. The components of this system are (from the bottom up) the PM-80 pump, LC-22C temperature controller, and CC-5 flowcell compartment. The epsilon LC detector is on the left.
Location considerations for the pump must, of necessity, include the requirements for all the component instruments in the stack. Use the following guidelines:
The power cord attaches to the PM-80 via the receptacle on the rear of the instrument. The pump can be operated with either 100, 120, 220, or 240 VAC and 50 or 60 Hz power, but the correct voltage must be selected before use at the cord connector:
Should the power option need to be changed, unplug the line cord and slide the plastic window to the left. The orientation of the small circuit board now exposed in this socket determines the voltage option. If the voltage labeled on the outer edge of this board is not that required, pull out the board and turn it such that the desired voltage is readable. Reinsert the board and push the fuse holder back into the cavity. Also check to see that the fuse is the proper rating:
The PM-80 is factory plumbed, and ready as received for final connection of the inlet and outlet solvent lines. Unwrap the PTFE tubing carefully and remove the protective cover from the solvent-uptake frit. The uptake tubing connects to the tee at the pump head with a flangeless fitting. Be sure to install this with the flat face of the ferrule entering the tee:
Connect a solvent-outlet line between the prime/purge valve and the pump input of your injection valve. A nut and ferrule are provided for connection to the prime/purge valve. We recommend 1/16" OD, 0.015" ID, #316 stainless steel for this line. An in-line filter assembly (MR-4135) is recommended between this tubing and the injection valve.
Installation is now complete. Refer to the STARTUP section to begin purging the pump.
The gradient version of the PM-80 pump differs from the isocratic version in the number and location of solvent uptake lines, and in the presence of an internal high-pressure mixer.
Connect the three solvent-uptake lines to the ports marked 'A', 'B', and 'C' on the left side of the pump. Be sure to observe the correct orientation for the flangeless ferrules. The solvent-uptake frits should be placed into three bottles of freshly filtered mobile phase. (For initial startup, cleaning, etc., you may put all three uptake lines into the same bottle of 40:60 acetonitrile:water or other appropriate solution.) For best results, elevate the mobile-phase bottles to provide hydrostatic pressure to the pump.
WE STRONGLY RECOMMEND the use of the LC-26 DEGASSER. Use of an on-line degasser is required for dependable and continuous performance during gradient operation.
The HIGH-PRESSURE MIXER is located inside the cabinet, at the front, upper-right side. Four steel tubes emerge from the cabinet at this point: the two labeled 'M' come from the mixer, while the two unlabeled tubes come from the pulse damper. The two uses are mutually exclusive. Isocratic operation will benefit from a pulse damper, and does not require a mixer. Gradient operation does require a mixer, and will be impaired by the large dead volume of a pulse damper.
To convert from isocratic to gradient operation, remove the tubes from the pulse damper at the pressure transducer and the purge valve, and replace them with those from the mixer.
BE SURE TO FLUSH OUT THE PUMP WITH 40:60 ACETONITRILE:WATER BEFORE CHANGING BETWEEN THE MIXER AND THE PULSE DAMPER, so stagnant mobile phase doesn't corrode the unused component.
The mixer motor is software controlled: it turns on whenever a method calls for more than one bottle of mobile phase.
Communication with other instruments is accomplished via connections to the rear panel:
The only connection that needs to be made to an epsilon system is via the COMM NET port. Insert the female end of the 9-pin cable provided into either COMM NET port. The other end of this cable is connected to 'PUMP' connector on the rear panel of the epsilon controller. This connection needs to be made only if you wish to control the pump from the computer. Many users prefer to control the pump from its front panel (see the section on Manual Controls).
Additional connections are provided for other applications:
TERMINAL STRIP CONNECTIONS
To monitor pressure with an epsilon system, connect the 'PRESS.' terminal and its 'GND' as an external detector with a 10V input. Click here for details.
To monitor pump pressure with a chart recorder, first set your chart recorder for an input of 10 V. Connect two wires from the PRESS. and GND connectors on the terminal strip of the PM-80 to the input of the chart recorder. Adjust the PRESSURE OFFSET potentiometer on the rear panel of the PM-80 until the chart-recorder pen is about mid-scale. Now reduce the input voltage of the chart recorder in steps, adjusting the PRESSURE OFFSET control as necessary to keep the pen on the chart. Reduce the input voltage of the chart recorder until the pressure fluctuations can be measured on the chart (a 0.1 V input range should be about right). The analog pressure output produces 1 volt per 1000 PSI. The chart can be calibrated with the following formula:
P = (1000 x D x V) / W
P = pressure fluctuation in PSI
W = width of chart paper (mm)
D = magnitude of pen deflection (mm)
V = input range of chart recorder (Volts)
REMOTE. This 25-pin 'D' connector is not currently used.
SYSTEM DIRECTOR. This 15-pin 'D' connector is provided for the LCD gradient controller or the DA-5/ChromGraph computer system.
PRESSURE OFFSET. This potentiometer is used to adjust pen position when recording pump pressure.